Zarina Hashmi: About, Biography, Art Work, Text References, Articles, Awards, Books, Videos, Prints for Sale, Top 10 Auction Awards


Zarina Hashmi, known professionally as Zarina, was an Indian- American artist and printmaker grounded in New York City. Her work spans drawing, printmaking, and form. Associated with the Minimalist movement, her work employed abstract and geometric forms in order to elicit a spiritual response from the bystander. Wikipedia

Born: 1937, Aligarh

Death: 25 April 2020, London, United Kingdom

On view: The Museum of Modern Art

Nationality: American, Indian

Net Worth: Around $5 Million

What’s Zarina Hashmi known for?

Primarily working in intaglio, woodblock, lithography, and silkscreen on hand wrought paper, Zarina made exquisite graphic images pruned down to simple, clear delineations, frequently rounded by Urdu eulogies, exploring ideas of home, place, borders, and memory.


Born in Aligarh, India on 1937, Zarina Hashmi who goes by her first name is an Indian- born, American artist whose work spans from minimum delineation to printmaking and form which more or less evokes and explores the idea of home, distances, circles told by her expansive peregrination. Zarina entered a degree in Mathematics and is fascinated by armature which reflects in her use of figure and structural chastity on her workshop. Having an identity of an Indian woman born as a Muslim, she uses visual rudiments from Islamic religious decorations, especially the regular figure generally set up in Islamic armature.

She has been one of the veritably many women amongst the Indian artists of her time to include M.F. Husain, V.S. Gaitonde, Tyeb Mehta and Nasreen Mohamedi. Her cultural practice expanded after marriage and departure from Aligarh in 1958 during stays abroad when she lived in Bangkok, Paris, and Bonn with her hubby, a diplomat in the Indian Foreign Service. While living in Paris in themid-1960s, Zarina studied with Stanley William Hayter at Atelier 17 and was one of the numerous Indian artists living and working there at the time. Upon her return to India in 1968, Zarina moved to Jaguar and lived there, alone, for six times. She left Delhi for Tokyo in 1974 where she worked with Toshi Yoshido at his plant and immigrated to the United States the ensuing time. Zarina erected out her garret, a community of musketeers and was part of the megacity’s burgeoning feminist art movement. She supported herself by tutoring at universities across the country also traveled back home to India, fought eviction from her apartment, had exhibitions in India, Pakistan, and New York, and continued visiting her family in Pakistan after they moved in 1959, the new country that they, but not she, would call home. Zarina’s relationship to her motherland and recently espoused country imaged the fraught relationship both have had with their Muslim nonages.

Over three decades, the artist sustained herself and her practice in the United States through tutoring and a transitional network of support. Zarina had solo shows Delhi, Bombay, and Karachi throughout the 1970s and 80s while living in the United States and continues her relationship with artists, musketeers and gallery possessors in these metropolises, connections that now gauge forty times. Indeed before Zarina represented India in its kiosk at the Venice Biennale, she had inspired artists across South Asia and the Middle East as one of the many artists in the region who has worked with abstraction and minimalism for her entire career.

Zarina Hashmi- Artworks

Souza- Indian Artist

Zarina’s involvement with paper and its possibilities spans her entire life and putatively defines her creative expression. For her, it addresses the idea of a house/ home which has engaged her for times. Because these images in cast paper are palpable, they substantiate the idea of permanence; yet reacquiring the history and yield to the idea of evanescence. Working with cast paper freed her from the incomputable, blockish runner which she dealt with when making a print where she deals with proportions of the runner, the border, and the perimeters around it.

Zarina, who chooses to be appertained to simply by her first name, was a prominent figure in feminist circles of the New York art scene in the 1970s. While her work has been featured in major exhibitions and represented in important public collections, including those of the Hammer Museum, the Museum of Modern Art and the Guggenheim Museum in New York, and the Victoria and Albert Museum in London, this exhibition marks the most comprehensive check to date of her strikingly beautiful, reflective, and lyrical corpus.

Family has been the foundation of Zarina’s alleviations. One of her most particular and iconic pieces of artwork named Letters from Home is a compendium of six unposted letters written by Rani, her family, to Zarina. Times latterly, Rani participated these letters with her during one of their visits together. The letters reported the death of their parents, the selling of Rani’s home, the sadness she felt after her children moved down, and how important she missed Zarina’s presence throughout those trying times.

Due to her declining health, Zarina now spends utmost of her time in London with her bastard, Saima, and whoreson, Imran. She enjoys spending time being girdled by family there, especially her great- grandniece, Shanaya.

Text Reference:

  • Retrieved from on July 24, 2018.
  • Excerpts from the book Zarina ‘Weaving Darkness and Silence’ by Sadia Shirazi published by Gallery Espace on 2018
  • Excerpts from the book Zarina ‘Paper Houses’ published by Gallery Espace on 2007
  • Excerpts from, retrieved on April 9, 2020.


  • President’s Award for Printmaking, India, 1969
  • Residency Award at the Women’s Studio Workshop, Rosendale, New York, 1991
  • Residency Award, Art-Omi, Omi, New York, 1994


  • The artist of ideas: 81 year-old Zarina Hashmi’s new show revisits the themes of her life and work
  • A Somber Commemoration of the Partition of India, 70 years later
  • Zarina Hashmi: weaving an eloquent silence
  • Zarina: A home is where you make it
  • Home and belonging are the themes of this Mumbai exhibition
  • Dividing Lines and the Art of Exile
  • A Border Runs Through It
  • Radiant transits of Zarina Hashmi
  • The unsettled artist
  • Zarina Hashmi / Guggenheim Museum
  • Zarina Hashmi / Gallery Espace
  • Zarina Hashmi: Dark Roads / Art Asia Pacific
  • Seven Questions for Zarina Hashmi / The Met Museum
  • Feminism for Me Was About Equal Pay for Equal Work—Not About Burning Bras: Interview with Zarina
  • Zarina’s ‘Dark Roads’: Exile, Statelessness and the Tenacity of Nostalgia
  • Weaving Darkness and Silence: Zarina Hashmi
  • Review: Zarina Hashmi’s Weaving Darkness and Silence at Gallery Espace


  • Zarina: Paper Houses (2007)
  • Zarina Hashmi: Recent Works (2011)
  • Zarina Hashmi: Noor (2011)
  • Lines of Inquiry: Partition, Historiography and the Art of Zarina Hashmi (2012)
  • Zarina: Paper Like Skin (2012)
  • Zarina: Weaving Darkness and Silence (2017)
  • Zarina: Directions to my House (2018)


  • TateShots:                                                                              Zarina Hashmi – Studio Visit
  • The Artist Project:                                                                 Zarina Hashmi on Arabic Calligraphy
  • Looking at Art –                                                                      Zarina Hashmi’s Artwork
  • Zarina Hashmi –                                                                     Invisible Gardens
  • Zarina:                                                                                    Paper Like Skin
  • Zarina Hashmi
  • Panel on Zarina:                                                                      Dark Roads

Top 10 Auction Records

Title                                                                                                     Price Realized

  • Home is a Foreign Place                                                                INR 11,025,000
  • Tears of the Sea                                                                               USD 106,250
  • Phool                                                                                                 USD 73,000
  • Letters from Home                                                                         GBP 50,000
  • Ghar (Home)                                                                                    USD 55,000
  • Home is a Foreign Place (Edition 17)                                          USD 50,000
  • Untitled                                                                                              USD 40,000
  • Untitled                                                                                              USD 37,500
  • Atlas of my World (I- VI)                                                                GBP 30,000
  • Home I Made – A Life in 9 lines                                                     USD 35,294
  • Untitled                                                                                               USD 32,500


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